Violin /Violine

Aquila Corde Armoniche

Vibrating string length: 32 cm

Sets

Our ready-made sets are composed of strings with a standard length of 60 cm and diameters suitable for required tension.
If you want to personally choose string of 120 cm or 180 cm length and specific diameters, you can add them to the cart from the product selection above.

The “tirata”

“Tirata” is a word used by the string makers of the great Italian tradition. It represents the correct length of string needed on each instrument, considering its full dimensions. We decided to reintroduce it in our vocabulary to specify the length of a single string, which will no longer be indicated in centimetres.
For example, a string that’s 120 cm long will correspond to 2 tirate on a violin, but only 1 tirata on a cello.

Why shall I choose a ready-made set instead of single strings?

We suggest to choose a set if you do not feel completely sure of the diameters, because you are beginning, or have little time. The gauges and the type of strings included in our sets meet the needs of most of our customers. This way you don’t have to expect for a bad surprise. A personalized setup of your instrument can start from here: by raising or lowering the whole setup by half a tone, you can easily know if your next setup, the definitive one, will need more or less tension or even remain unchanged as per our suggestion.

Sets according to today’s gauges in beef gut

Vibrating string length: 32 cm

Suggested diameters are those used today. 

For each specified string the central diameter is that of medium tension, which we suggest if you never used our strings. For a light tension choose the first suggested diameter, for superior tension choose the last one.

Possible Violin E-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

62HV

62HV – Varnished gut string

0.62 mm

120 cm

64HV

64HV – Varnished gut string

0.64 mm

120 cm

66HV

66HV – Varnished gut string

0.66 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin A-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

79HV

85HV – Varnished gut string

0.79 mm

120 cm

82HV

79HV – Varnished gut string

0.82 mm

120 cm

85HV

82HV – Varnished gut string

0.85 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin D-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

104HV

104HV – Varnished gut string

1.04 mm

120 cm

108HV

108HV – Varnished gut string

1.08 mm

120 cm

112HV

112HV – Varnished gut string

1.12 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin G-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

10F

10F – G baroque violin string light tension silver close wound type „F“ standard

1.55 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

11F

11F – G baroque violin string medium tension silver close wound type „F“ standard

1.60 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

12F

12F – G baroque violin string heavy tension silver close wound type „F“ standard

1.65 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

 

Sets according to today’s gauges in lamb gut

Vibrating string length: 32 cm

Suggested diameters are those used today. 

For each specified string the central diameter is that of medium tension, which we suggest if you never used our strings. For a light tension choose the first suggested diameter, for superior tension choose the last one.

Possible Violin E-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

64HU

64HU – Unsplit gut string

0.64 mm

120 cm

66HU

66HU – Unsplit gut string

0.66 mm

120 cm

68HU

68HU – Unsplit gut string

0.68 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin A-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

82HU

88HU – Unsplit gut string

0.82 mm

120 cm

85HU

82HU – Unsplit gut string

0.85 mm

120 cm

88HU

85HU – Unsplit gut string

0.88 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin D-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

108HU

108HU – Unsplit gut string

1.08 mm

120 cm

112HU

112HU – Unsplit gut string

1.12 mm

120 cm

116HU

116HU – Unsplit gut string

1.16 mm

120 cm

Possible Violin G-strings

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

10FU

10FU – G baroque violin string light tension silver close wound type „FU“ standard

1.55 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

11FU

11FU – G baroque violin string medium tension silver close wound type „FU“ standard

1.60 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

12FU

12FU – G baroque violin string heavy tension silver close wound type „FU“ standard

1.65 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

 

Baroque violin setup with equal feel tension profile

In this last decade, the so-called equal tension setting has grown very popular among many players of historical bowed instruments, with the belief that such setting is the exact scientific interpretation of what was being done in the past (and what has been found on some historical documents, especially regarding the Lute): strings must all have the same ‘tactile sensation/equal feel’ of tension.

Physics can prove mathematically that strings that show the same deviation gradient, when an identical weight is applied at the same distance from the bridge, will also have the same tension expressed in Kg (the same deviation gradient produce also an equal feel of tension under the fingers).

What has not been considered, though, is the fact that this mathematical relationship is true only when strings are already in their final state of traction, while it proves to be false if the theorical diameters are calculated using the same value of tension in the Mersenne-Tyler string formula, like most of the equal tension supporters do nowadays.

Violin setup with equal feel tension profile – light tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

62HU

62HU – Unsplit gut string

0.62 mm

120 cm

88HU

88HU – Unsplit gut string

0.88 mm

120 cm

120HU

120HU – Unsplit gut string

1.20 mm

120 cm

170V

170V – Venice gut string

1.70 mm

120 cm


Violin setup with equal feel tension profile – normal tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

64HU

64HU – Unsplit gut string

0.64 mm

120 cm

91HU

91HU – Unsplit gut string

0.91 mm

120 cm

124HU

124HU – Unsplit gut string

1.24 mm

120 cm

180V

180V – Venice gut string

1.80 mm

120 cm

Violin setup with equal feel tension profile – superior tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

66HU

66HU – Unsplit gut string

0.66 mm

120 cm

94HU

94HU – Unsplit gut string

0.94 mm

120 cm

128HU

128HU – Unsplit gut string

1.28 mm

120 cm

190V

190V – Venice gut string

1.90 mm

120 cm

 

Historical gauges requirements

Warning

It is not possible to use historical gauges (that are usually thicker) before checking and possibly modifying the angle of the strings on the bridge, that should be “widened” so that the pressure of the bridge on the soundboard is not excessive so to dampen the sound and make the bow attack too difficult (please contact your trusted luthier).

Moreover, according to historical documents (such as Galeazzi, 1792), we suggest that the strings are kept as low as possible on the fretboard, as long as they do not buzz.

Modern strings angle upon the bridge

Baroque strings angle upon the bridge

Baroque Violin historical set

Strings calculated according to pitch 415 Hz. Vibrating string length: 32 cm

 

The diameters suggested here were the norm for violin setup between the Mid-Eighteenth and the end of the Nineteenth century, as indicated by the rich documentation of that time. In particular, the gauges in normal tension are the same we measured in April 2004, which belonged to Nicolò Paganini. The gut strings suggested in these sets are made of unsplit lamb gut type HU which have a surface only partially smoothed to imitate the old hand smoothing system. Through this method the quantity of damaged surface fibre is considerably reduced compared to the rectified strings made according to today procedure. The advantages consist of greater stability at climatic changes, longer life of the string, better acoustic performance. The fourth string is made according to the directions reported by F. Galeazzi (Rome 1792) and Louis Spor (1832).

NOTE: These strings are NOT as ’set‘ available – please choose from single strings!
HINWEIS: Diese Saiten sind NICHT als ‚Set‘ verfügbar, bitte die Saiten einzeln auswählen!

 

Violin historical set light tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

66HU

66HU – Unsplit gut string

0.66 mm

120 cm

85HU

85HU – Unsplit gut string

0.85 mm

120 cm

112HU

112HU – Unsplit gut string

1.12 mm

120 cm

16FU

16FU – G baroque violin string light tension silver close wound type „FU“ historical

1.70 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

Violin historical set normal tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

70HU

70HU – Unsplit gut string

0.70 mm

120 cm

88HU

88HU – Unsplit gut string

0.88 mm

120 cm

116HU

116HU – Unsplit gut string

1.16 mm

120 cm

17FU

17FU – G baroque violin string medium tension silver close wound type „FU“ historical

1.75 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

Violin historical set superior tension

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

73HU

73HU – Unsplit gut string

0.73 mm

120 cm

91HU

91HU – Unsplit gut string

0.91 mm

120 cm

124HU

124HU – Unsplit gut string

1.24 mm

120 cm

18FU

18FU – G baroque violin string heavy tension silver close wound type „FU“ historical

1.80 mm equivalent gut

55 cm

 

FG synthetic strings set for Violin

Vibrating string length: 32 cm

The F-Red Series are the new synthetic strings for bowed instruments, developed by Aquila Corde Armoniche as a valid alternative to natural gut

Eco-sustainable, stable in intonation and durable, the new F-Red Seriesare our answer to the needs of all students and musicians who have to face conditions where the use of gut becomes too demanding, such as

  • high temperature and humidity conditions, typical for example of some sub-tropical countries (e.g. South America and Africa);
  • high cost for the replacement of gut strings that students have to face when approaching the study of ancient music instruments.

Notice: to avoid damages, do not cut the strings. In case you want to shorten them, first spread some quick glue around the point where you want to cut.

WARNING: Wound strings are made with round wire and not flat, as was done at the end of the nineteenth century
WARNING: The surface is not smooth, but slightly satin, due to a special covering. After about a week, the strings will spontaneously smooth out.

 

VIOLIN MEDIUM TENSION – SYNTHETIC

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

Gut Equivalent

01FG#1

VIOLIN „E“ MEDIUM TENSION – SYNTHETIC

0.67 mm

1 tirata

0.64 mm

01FG#2

VIOLIN „A“ MEDIUM TENSION – SYNTHETIC

0.85 mm

1 tirata

0.82 mm

01FG#3

VIOLIN „D“ MEDIUM TENSION – SYNTHETIC

1.16 mm

1 tirata

1.08 mm

01FG#4

VIOLIN „G“ MEDIUM TENSION – SYNTHETIC WOUND

 

1 tirata

1.55 mm

VIOLIN SUPERIOR TENSION – SYNTHETIC

SKU

Name

Gauge

Length

Gut Equivalent

02FG#1

VIOLIN „E“ SUPERIOR TENSION – SYNTHETIC

0.70 mm

1 tirata

0.68 mm

02FG#2

VIOLIN „A“ SUPERIOR TENSION – SYNTHETIC

0.91 mm

1 tirata

0.88 mm

02FG#3

VIOLIN „D“ SUPERIOR TENSION – SYNTHETIC

1.19 mm

1 tirata

1.16 mm

02FG#4

VIOLIN „G“ SUPERIOR TENSION – SYNTHETIC WOUND

 

1 tirata

1.65 mm

 

Corde Drago

Two sets for baroque violin are proposed here: one from the seventeenth century and one from the eighteenth century.The seventeenth century set includes:

  • as Mi a Ritorte di Salle,
  • as La a Cantino di Napoli,
  • as a Re a Cordoncino di Roma
  • as a Sol, a Cordone Cordedrago, that is, a naked gut string, given that the invention of Silver wounded strings dates back to as early as 1659, but it was widespread only in the late eighteenth century (Sol was still used in the first half of the century in bare gut).

In the eighteenth century set the first three strings are identical, but a Sol Silver Wound was planned.

Il set seicentesco prevede:

  • come cantino una Ritorta di Salle,
  • come La un Cantino di Napoli,
  • come Re un Cordoncino di Roma
  • come Sol un Cordone Cordedrago, ossia una corda in budello nudo, dato che l’invenzione delle corde filate in argento risale al più presto al 1659, ma ha avuto ampia diffusione solo nel ‚700 inoltrato (nella prima metà del secolo si usavano ancora Sol in budello nudo).

Il set settecentesco prevede:

  • come cantino una Ritorta di Salle,
  • come La un Cantino di Napoli,
  • come Re un Cordoncino di Roma
  • come Sol un Filato in argento.

By opting instead for a custom order you can select other types of strings for the first string, such as a Cantino di Napoli, certainly the best in terms of sonority, but which is recommended above all for recordings or personal study, because its resistance to breaking cannot be guaranteed 100%, especially in the case of a concert, being subjected to stress due to changing weather conditions ( for this reason it is always advisable to lower it by one tone when the instrument is not used); in the case of the Sol, with a seventeenth-century frame, one can also opt for a Cordone di Roma, a „philological“ string, because it reproduces the technique described in a coeval source (there remains a memory of the ancient use of a Cordone as Sol in the treatise of Francesco GaleazziElementi teorico-pratici di musica, who calls with that name the silver wounded string in use at that time), or a Copper loaded string.

Efrano

BestellNr.:  Schwach
Ø
Mittel
Ø
Stark
Ø
      
VL060e‘‘Darm0,56 mm0,58/0,60 mm0,65 mm
VL075a‘Darm0,72 mm0,75 mm0,80 mm
VL095d‘Darm1,00 mm1,05 mm1,10 mm
VL140gDarm1,35 mm1,40 mm1,45 mm
VL090gDarm/versilbert0,80 mm0,85 mm0,90 mm
VL085gDarm/Silber0,80 mm0,80 mm0,85 mm
      
VL   Satz    VL060, VL075, VL095, VL090
VLS Satz    VL060, VL075, VL095, VL085

Die Durchmessertabelle beinhaltet Stärkenvorschläge (a‘ 415 Hz). Stärken außerhalb oben genannter Maße sind individuell nach Kundenwunsch möglich.

The diameter table includes gauge recommendations (a‘ 415 Hz). Gauges outside the above-mentioned measurements are available individually upon customer request.

Cuerdas de Tripas Frechina

Violon / Violin / Violine

1 / mi / e“ 
corde en boyau /single gut string
diameter Ø:
54-64

2 / la / a‘
corde en boyau / single gut string
diameter Ø:
76-90

3 / ré / d‘
corde en boyau / single gut string
diameter Ø:
106-116

4 / sol / g
corde en boyau / gut string
diameter Ø:
140-150

4 / sol / g
entorchado plata / silver wound
diameter equivalent Ø:
144 / 146 /148

Gutmann Music Strings

Gutmann Strings are made from the best Australian cattle gut.

The origin of the raw material is essential for the making of high quality musical gut-wire.

We found the Australian cow ideal as those cows life and diet creates the typical characteristics we need to produce a musical instrument string. This string needs to have a long life when the tension on the string is high and played by a bow or fingers, not always soft and gentle but with passion …

Bernd Kürschner OHG

Wound strings for Violin and string sets / Umsponnene Saiten für Violin und Saiten-Sets

Tables of the String Sets / Tabellen zu den Saiten-Sets

All examples are based on standard pitch a‘ = 440 Hz.
For a‘ = 415 Hz please choose an increased article number. For example D 2070 instead of D 2068, VDD 0220 for VDD 0210.

Please note: The last three digits indicate the diameter or the equivalent diameter of the respective string. The first digit refers to the string length:
1 = 90 cm
2 = 120 cm
3 = 180 cm

Example: D 2054 = Typ ‚D‘ (oiled gut string), 120 cm length, Ø 0.54

All tensions with examples for stringing with plain gut, high twist gut, luxline, silver plated copper oder solid silver wounded gut strings.

Alle Beispiele basieren auf Kammerton a‘ = 440 Hz.
Für a‘ = 415 Hz wählen Sie bitte eine aufsteigende Artikelnummer. Zum Beispiel D 2070 statt D 2068, VDD 0220 statt VD 0210.

Bitte beachten: die letzten drei Ziffern geben den Durchmesser bzw. das Equivalent zum Durchmesser der jeweiligen Saite an.
Die erste Ziffer bezieht sich auf die Saitenlänge:
1 = 90 cm
2 = 120 cm
3 = 180 cm

Beispiel: D 2054 = Typ ‚D‘ (Darmsaite geölt), 120 cm lang, Ø 0.54

Alle Spannungen mit Besaitungsmöglichkeiten aus Darm, Florentiner, Luxline, versilbertem Kupfer oder mit Feinsilber umsponnenen Darmsaiten.

DARM, FLORENTINER, VERSILBERTES KUPFER
PLAIN GUT, HIGH TWIST GUT, SILVER PLATED COPPER
      
Spannung / tensionx-leicht / x-lightleichtmediumstark / highx-stark / x-high
e“-1D 2052D 2054D 2056D 2058 D 2060
a‘-2D 2066D 2068D2070D 2073D 2076
d‘-3FD 0094FD 0097FD 0100FD 0104FD 0108
g-4VDG 0136VDG 0140VDG 0145VDG 0150VDG 0155
Satz / set111000111010111020111030111040
      
      
DARM, LUXLINE (KUPFER), VERSILBERTES KUPFER
PLAIN GUT, LUXLINE (COPPER), SILVER PLATED COPPER
      
Spannung / tensionx-leicht / x-lightleichtmediumstark / highx-stark / x-high
e“-1D 2052D 2054D 2054D 2058D 2060
a‘-2D 2066D 2068D 2070D 2073D 2076
d‘-3LK 0094LK 0079LK 0100LK 0104LK 0108
g-4VDG 0140VDK 0140VDG 0145VDG 0150VDG 0155
Satz / set112000112010112020112030112040
      
      
DARM, LUXLINE, FEINSILBER
PLAIN GUT, LUXLINE, SOLID SILVER
Spannung / tensionx-leicht / x-lightleichtmediumstark / highx-stark / x-high
e“-1D 2052D 2054D 2056D 2058D 2060
a‘-2D 2066D 2068D 2070D 2073D 2076
d‘-3LS 0094LS 0097LS 0100LS 0104LS 0108
g-4SDG 0136SDG 0140SDG 0145SDG 0150SDG 0155
Satz / set113000113010113020113030113040
      
      
DARM, FLORENTINER, LUXLINE, FEINSILBER
PLAIN GUT, HIGH TWIST, LUXLINE, SOLID SILVER
Spannung / tensionx-leicht / x-lightleichtmediumstark / highx-stark / x-high
e“-1  D 2056D 2058D 2060
a‘-2  FD 0070FD 0073FD0076
d‘-3  LS 0100LS 0104LS 0108
g-4  SDG 0145SDG 0150SDG 0155
Satz / set  114020114030114040

Toro Strings

VIOLIN – Toro Strings

Do you need some help? Use contact form… Hilfe benötigt? Kontaktformular nutzen….

Tension (Diameter) – Length: 120 cm. 3rd and 4th wound length: 60 cm 

Key

Type

Light

Medium

Heavy

e“

ram or ox gut 

54-56

58-60

62-64

a‘

ram or ox gut 

72-74

76-79

82-85

a‘

double twist VENICE type 

72-74

76-79

82-85

d‘

ram or ox gut 

102-104

106-108

110-112

d‘

double twist VENICE type

102-104

106-108

110-112

d‘

silver wound 

light

medium

heavy

g

silver wound 

light

medium

heavy